Lower back pain can present as a dull ache or a spasm which causes the back to seize up.
- DISC PROBLEMS: Spasms in the muscles of the lower back. This can be caused by inflammation in the disc or a prolapsed disc. The pain may present locally in the back or be referred into the leg, which is called sciatica.
- FACET JOINT PROBLEMS: intermittent pains which frequently occur in the same joint as a result of wear and tear, scoliosis and inflammation.
- STIFFNESS in the spine: This restricts range of movement and causes pain. It also limits physical activity.
Lower back pain requires different treatments depending on the underlying problem. Mobilisations for limited movement, stretching for tight muscles and ligaments, traction for compressed discs and core strengthening for weak muscles.